As periods of intense heat become more frequent, the Monaco Government is keen to raise awareness among the Principality's residents about the health risks associated with extreme temperatures.
Exposure to excessive heat can pose significant challenges to the body, with dehydration and heatstroke being the most severe complications. Here are some simple tips and actions you can take to prevent the effects of the heat:
1. Hydrate often: Drinking water frequently is essential in regulating your body temperature.
2. Stay cool: Make it a point to cool down regularly to avoid overheating.
3. Avoid peak heat hours: It's best not to venture outside during the hottest parts of the day, usually between 10:00 and 18:00.
4. Limit physical activity: During the hottest hours, opt for activities that do not require much exertion.
5. Keep your home cool: If possible, use air conditioning or fans to maintain a comfortable indoor temperature.
6. Never leave anyone in a car: This applies especially to children and pets, as the temperature inside a vehicle can escalate rapidly, even during short periods.
Additionally, to limit your exposure to UV rays, consider the following:
1. Wear protective clothing: This includes long-sleeved clothing, wide-brimmed hats, and sunglasses.
2. Choose the right sunglasses: Make sure your sunglasses are at least category 3, as not all dark-tinted glasses protect against UV rays.
3. Use sunscreen: Apply sunscreen to exposed skin, in addition to wearing protective clothing.
4. Keep infants out of the sun: Infants under a year old should never be exposed to direct sunlight.
The extent of sun exposure and the protection factor of the sunscreen you use should vary according to the UV index, which changes depending on the level of sunshine:
- For a UV index between 3 and 7, use a sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 30+.
- For a UV index between 8 and 10, use a sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 50+.
- If the UV index is 11 or above, it's best to avoid sun exposure altogether, and use a sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 50+.
In case of any health emergency, contact the Fire Brigade immediately by dialing 112. It is vital to stay aware and prepared during these periods of excessive heat, as your health and safety are of the utmost importance.